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Clopidogrel Pharmacogenetics

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Pharmacogenetics is a section of medical genetics and pharmacology that studies genetically caused individual responses to drugs.

The basic concept of pharmacogenetics consists of various human sensitivity to therapy and effect of certain drugs, depending on genetic characteristics (polymorphic variants of the genotype). The polymorphic nature of many enzymes responsible for their penetration and removal from cells that participate in the metabolism of drugs, and transporters has been established.

Clopidogrel is one of the world’s currently most widely used antiplatelet agent, which irreversibly inhibits platelet ADP receptor (encoded by P2RY12), which in turn inhibits fibrinogen receptor (GP IIb/IIIa, encoded by ITGB3). Unlike ASA, thienopyridines do not alter arachidonic acid exchange and, therefore, do not disturb formation of prostacyclin in the vascular wall.

There is considerable inter-individual variability in pharmacodynamic response when using clopidogrel. Patients with insufficient platelet response to clopidogrel may have an increased risk of ischemic events. “Resistance” to clopidogrel is often mentioned among the explanations for the persistent risk of thrombotic / ischemic events. According to experts from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology, it is advisable to perform preliminary genotyping in patients undergoing high-risk planned procedures (for example, in complex coronary anatomy or multivascular damage).

The Clopidogrel Pharmacogenetics REAL-TIME PCR Genotyping Kit is intended for detection and allelic discrimination of genetic polymorphisms associated with clopidogrel metabolism features.

Sample: peripheral blood


Certification: RUO

Типы детекции:
Real-time format is designed to detect PCR results during amplification with the help of detecting amplifiers (in real time).